3,544 Norwich Landlords Could Be Hit With £14k Bills and Red Tape in Tory ‘Levelling Up’ Plans

3,544 Norwich Landlords Could Be Hit With £14k Bills and Red Tape in Tory ‘Levelling Up’ Plans
  • Some Norwich landlords face bills of between £11,000 to £14,000 as Michael Gove, the Housing Minister, declared an attack on poor quality private rental homes.
  • 3,544 Norwich rental properties will require upgrading. The Government announced in their ‘Levelling Up’ White Paper last week they plan to introduce a new minimum standard for private rental properties.
  • Also, the White Paper wants every landlord in Norwich (15,211 of you) to go on a Landlord Register and proposes the removal of Section 21 no-fault evictions. This could make it more difficult for you to get possession of your Norwich rental property.
  • Are these proposed changes another nail in the buy-to-let coffin for Norwich landlords?


On the face of it, yes, it could be seen as another attack on the humble Norwich landlord, having to spend money on their properties and get tangled up with red tape on a register and then having no-fault evictions removed.


Yet, as always, the devil is in the detail …


This ‘Levelling Up Bill’ is a White Paper. White Papers are policy documents created by the existing Government that set out their future proposals for legislation. Many White Papers don’t even make it to the House of Commons to be debated on, and even then, it needs to be voted on by both Houses of Parliament before becoming law. Any changes are at least two or three years away, and that’s assuming that it gets debated and subsequently approved.


Many have said the White Paper is supposed to lay out how to sort the challenge of rebalancing the UK economy that is suffering from the highest level of regional inequality than any G8 country.


This is a gargantuan challenge …


But the Levelling Up White Paper reads very much like a shopping list of great ideas without the means to pay for it.


One of the 12 points in the White Paper focuses on housing, with a plan to introduce a new minimum standard for rental properties, a landlord register and the removal of no-fault evictions (as an aside, there was also a mention of a possible reintroduction of Home Information Packs – remember those from 2009!).


So, what does this mean for the landlords of the 15,211 private rental properties in Norwich?


Sub Standard Rental Properties


The proposed changes will mean rental homes in the private sector will have to meet two specific standards that the existing 21,895 social housing homes in Norwich currently need to meet.


The first is called the ‘Decent Homes Standard’ (DHS) and the second, the Housing, Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) evaluation.


Looking at data from the Government, there are 3,544 private rental properties in Norwich that are considered substandard under these two measures and each one would cost between £11,000 and £14,000 to bring up to the prescribed standard. That means …


The estimated total cost to improve the 3,544 Norwich properties, that are considered substandard, could be as high as £49,618,282.


All of that would have to come out of the pockets of Norwich landlords!

Yet both systems of standards (DHS & HHSRS) have been slated by many (even by the Government itself).

The DHS criteria for the standard are as follows:


  1. It must meet the current statutory minimum standard for housing

  2. It must be in a reasonable state of repair

  3. It must have reasonably modern facilities and services

  4. It must provide a reasonable degree of thermal comfort


Note how the word ‘reasonable’ is used in three of the four points of the DHS. Reasonable is an arbitrary and very much subjective point of view. It screams loopholes and get-out clauses to me.


Looking at the HHSRS, the Government announced just before the pandemic in June 2019 that the HHSRS would be revamped after it was found to be ‘complicated and inefficient to use’.

Putting aside how one measures the standards, it is a simple fact that there are many Norwich rental properties that are substandard. I believe it right the Government have the ambition to halve the number of sub-standard private rentals by 2030. However, would it surprise you that …


In 2006, 46.7% of private rented homes in the UK were classed as substandard and today that has reduced, without any legislation, to 23.3%. One must ask if new legislation is now required?



Also, if you recall in an article I wrote recently (drop me a line if you would like me to send it to you), Norwich landlords will be faced with bringing their properties up to an energy rating (EPC) of C between 2026 and 2028 in legislation already announced.

Most of the works to meet that EPC rating requirement will be the same works to meet this new DHS and HHSRS. Also, in that article, I discussed how the Government have suggested that certain allowances will be made for landlords on rental properties that can’t be improved.

So, I think Norwich landlords should sit tight and let the Government shine more light on this in the coming months before any knee jerk reactions are made.


Landlord Register


To be honest, there are several city/borough registers around the UK for landlords. Experience has shown they seem to add an extra level of bureaucracy and red tape. The register would be for every Norwich buy-to-let landlord and rogue landlords would be struck off whilst allowing tenants new redress rights. Another reason to employ the services of a letting agent to sort!


End of No-fault Evictions


Again, I spoke about this a few weeks ago with the proposed removal of Section 21 to evict a tenant (again, if you want a copy, drop me a line). If you recall, I stated that no-fault evictions were removed in Scotland over four years ago and the apocalyptic suggestions it would kill the rental market for Scottish landlords was not forthcoming. Now, of course, the Scots strengthened the other grounds to evict a tenant. If the Government strengthen the Section 8 legislation, again, I cannot see this being an issue south of the border. Again, time will tell once the Government put more meat on the bones of the White Paper.




Many of the announcements made in the Levelling Up White Paper are re-hashed proposed legislation that has been on the books for the last couple of years.


This White Paper is not another nail in the coffin of buy-to-let in Norwich.


Many commentators have cautioned that more landlords with substandard homes will sell up because of these proposed changes. They warn that the sell up would add to the private rental sector’s shortage of homes, thus pushing up rents.


If that was true, that would increase rental returns on Norwich buy-to-let and attract more Norwich landlords into the sector, wouldn’t it?

But if you don’t agree other Norwich landlords will buy these rental properties that other landlords are selling, who will buy their Norwich properties from them? It will be Norwich renters, who are now able to buy because the price has come down, meaning equilibrium should return to the market.

This is all theoretical and there are shortages and gluts in specific locations. Let us not forget it was 12 to 18 months ago that rents were dropped by double-digit percentage points in the space of a couple of months in the big cities. Those rent drops weren’t anything to do with landlords buying up City Centre rental properties, but demand plummeted with 20 something tenants moving back in with their parents during the first lockdown and the months that followed. Now rents have bounced back to pre-pandemic levels (and more) with the return of tenants to the cities.


In a nutshell, if Norwich landlords do end up selling in their droves (which they won’t), but if they do, those Norwich properties will still exist.


Few of them will be left empty because most of them will be bought by other Norwich landlords as they will be attracted to the sector as inflation takes hold whilst others will be bought by first-time buyers.

What goes around, comes around. So, let’s see what happens in the coming months.

In the meantime, if you’re a Norwich landlord and you want to discuss anything in this article, please either drop me a line or send me an email.

Stats sourced from Land Registry, NoMis, Office of National Stats and Denton House Research 


Aaron Stannard, Head of Residential Lettings




Our lettings team works with property portfolios of all sizes to help make letting a property simple and hassle-free. With plenty of knowledge about the local market, we aim to help you find quality tenants, fast. Get in touch with the team to learn more about our services.

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